مقه

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المقه

المقه (خط المسند:Himjar alif.PNGHimjar lam.PNGHimjar mim.PNGHimjar qaf.PNGHimjar ha.PNG) (المقة) هو المعبود السبئي القديم لمملكة سبأ [1] و لقبه عند السبئيين كان "سيد الأرض" أي أنه كان مسؤولا عن نماء الأرض و الخصوبة الزراعية [2] تصوره بعض الرسوم السبئية احيانا على هيئة إنسان برأس ثور بيده عصا غليظة أو ثور (أو عجل) بوجه إنسان و غالبا مايكون مجنحا أو مجرد ثور مجنح و أحيانا غير كذلك

شاهد بالخط المسند يذكر فيه المقه وأربعة أوثان عربية جنوبية هي ذات حميم و عثتر و ذات بعدان وود و يحكي خضوع رجل يدعى "عميمر بن معديكرب" لهذه الأوثان. أكتشف النقش في مأرب في القرن الثامن قبل الميلاد

English: Votive stele with Sabaean inscription adressed to the moon-god Almaqah, mentioning five South Arabian gods, two reigning sovereigns and two governors: "Ammî'amar son of Ma'dîkarib dedicated to Almaqah Ra'suhumû. With 'Athtar, with Almaqah, with dhât-Himyam, with dhât-Ba'dân, with Waddum, with Karib'îl, with Sumhu'alî, with 'Ammîrayam and with Yadhrahmalik." Alabaster, ca. 700 BC, Yemen, area of Ma'rib (?)

 المعنى اللغوي

اختلف الباحثون حول معنى اسمه فالألف واللام أول اسمه ليست أداة للتعريف في لغة السبئيين فأداة التعريف لدى العرب الجنوبيين كانت الحرف نون في آخر الكلمة.

وقد كان السبئيين يعبدون المقه و(عثتر) و(ود) القمر وكوكب الزهرة بالاضافة الى اجداد القبائل.

المراجع

  1. ^ Encyclopedia Mythica
  2. ^ Hartmut Gese, Maria Höfner, Kurt Rudolph: Die Religionen Altsyriens, Altarabiens und der Mandäer. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart u. a. 1970 (Die Religionen der Menschheit. Bd. 10, 2).
  3. ^ J. Ryckmans, "The Old South Arabian Religion," pp. 107-110.
  4. ^ الصلوي، إبراهيم محمد : نقش جديد من وادي ورور، 1996 م، ص 29 - 30.
  5. ^ تعدى إلى الأعلى ل:أ ب سيد القمني، الأسطورة والتراث ط 3 ص 153
  6. ^ معنى كلمة مكرب
  7. ^ سيد القمني، الأسطورة والتراث ط 3 ص 155

مكرب

المراجع

  1. ^ Maria Höfner: War der sabäische Mukarrib ein „Priesterfürst"? In: Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgendlands 54 (1957), S. 77-85
  2. ^ Glaser 1147 نقش جلازر

الخط المسند

maqqa

Himjar alif.PNG= ا

Himjar lam.PNG= ل

Himjar mim.PNG= م

Himjar qaf.PNG=ك=ق

Himjar ha.PNG= ه

ال مكه

God/Avatar of MeKah



aal

Meaning of Avatar

mecca aal word sign

الحروف
عربي
Himjar alif.PNG
ا
Himjar ba.PNG
ب
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ت
Himjar th.PNG
ث
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ج
Himjar ha2.PNG
ح
Himjar kha.PNG
خ
Himjar dal.PNG
د
Himjar dhal.PNG
ذ
Himjar ra.PNG
ر
Himjar tha.PNG
ز
Himjar sin.PNG
س
Himjar za.PNG
يميل إلى س
Himjar shin.PNG
ش
Himjar sad.PNG
ص
 Himjar za.PNG
يميل إلى س
Himjar shin.PNG
ش
Himjar sad.PNG
ص
Himjar za2.PNG
ض
Himjar ta1.PNG
ط
Himjar dad.PNG
ظ
Himjar ajin.PNG
ع
Himjar ghajn.PNG
غ
Himjar fa.PNG
ف
Himjar qaf.PNG
ق
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ك
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ل
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م
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ن
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ه
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و
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ي


maqraba

Did Kabah In Makkah Exist before 4th Century?

by  • SEPTEMBER 3, 2013
One of the recent things I have heard from Christian missionaries, when debating with them is that they say, "Kabah in Mecca did not exist before the 4th century." Some of them even say that the Ka'bah in Mecca where Muslims go for pilgrimage annually has no history before the advent of Islam. These ridiculous fictitious claims have no bases whatsoever. I shall now bring forth evidences that Kabah in Makah did exist in history long before the coming of Muhammed (p).The Kabah stone In Mecca

Diodorus Siculus was a Greek historian, who wrote works of history in the 1st Century BC. He is known for the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica. Diodorus is the first known Historian long before the coming of Islam that makes mention of Mecca.

Reverend Charles Augustus Goodrich a Christian, was an American author and Congregational minister comments on Kaaba and Mecca, although, he is not fond of the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh), but he is sincere in admitting that Ka'bah existed at the time of Patriarchs. He writes:

 

John Reynell Morell:

Encyclopædia Britannica: Or, A Dictionary of Arts, sciences and Miscellaneous Literature - Colin Macfarquhar:

Andrew Crichton also comments on the 'Kabah' in his book; 'The history of Arabia, ancient and modern.'

Claudius Ptolemy was a Greco-Roman writer of Alexandria, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer; is another person, centuries before Islam who makes mention of Makkah. He uses the name 'Makoraba' for Makkah.

In the Book: 'The New Encyclopedia of Islam', written by Cyril Glassé says that Ptolmey, in the second century mentioned Makkah. Here is what he wrote,

Ilya Pavlovich Petrushevsky (1898-1977) was an Professor of History of the Near East at the University of Leningrad for twenty years, he also makes mention that Ptolemy in the second Century mentioned Makkah:

Michael Wolfe:

Paul Wheatley:

In the book 'A Comparative Study of Thirty City-state Cultures: An Investigation', by Mogens Herman Hansen; in Note 24 he makes it clear when Ptolemy mentioned the name 'Macoraba', that he meant Mecca:

From all the evidences which I have presented, from objective and academic sources, it can clearly be seen that it is a fact that Kabaah existed before the advent of Islam and Muhammad (peace be upon him).  Sealing my arguments, I refer you to Reverend Charles Augustus Goodrich, a Christian historian, who admitted that the Kabaah existed and was built by the Patriarchs. In his own words, he says, "Caaba its high antiquity cannot be disputed; and the most probable account is, that it was built and used for religious purposes by some of the early patriarchs."

[1] Religious Ceremonies and Customs, Or: The Forms of Worship Practised by the several nations of the known world, from the earliest records to the present time, Charles Augustus Goodrich [Hartford: Published by Hutchinson and Dwine 1834] page 124
[2] Turkey, Past and Present: Its History, Topography, and Resources By John Reynell Morell, page 84
[3] Encyclopaedia Britannica: Or, A Dictionary of Arts, sciences and Miscellaneous Literature Constructed on a Plan volume 2, by Colin Macfarquhar page 183 - 184
[4] The history of Arabia, ancient and modern volume 1 [second edition] By Andrew Crichton page 100
[5] The New Encyclopedia of Islam by Cyril Glasse page 302
[6] Islam in Iran by I. Pavlovich Petrushevsky page 3
[7] One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing about the Muslim pilgrimage Michael Wolfe introduction xv
[8] Paul Wheatley The Origins and Character of the Ancient Chinese City: volume 11 page 288
[9] A Comparative Study of Thirty City-state Cultures: An Investigation, Volume 21 by Mogens Herman Hansen page 248 NOTE 24
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9 Responses »


  1. moses
    September 9, 2013 • 12:46 pmLISTEN THERE IS ONLY ONE GOD,ONE "SAVIOUR JESUS CHRIST"WHO ONLY HAS THE POWER TO SAVE NO ONE,I MEAN NO ONE CAN SAVE YOU APART FROM JESUS,IT IS NOT TOO LATE TO TURN TO HIM NOW THAT YOU HAVE LIFE(NOT DEAD) BECA-- USE IF YOU DON'T ACCEPT HIM AND YOU DIE TRUST ME, IT WILL BE TERRIBLE,TERRIFYING WHERE YOU WILL FOUND YOURSELF.NOW IS THE TIME FOR YOUReply ↓

    • Kaleef K. Karim
      September 9, 2013 • 6:12 pmMosesYes there is only one God and HE is the Al-Mighty Creator who created everything.
      Jesus is not God. God saves me, not a human being that was created by the Creator. I accept him (Jesus) as a Prophet/Messenger of Almighty God. I hope you start repenting and come back on the truth path of Monotheism, start worshipping the CREATOR not the creation.

      By the way this post is about Makkah, if it existed before the 4th Century.

      Peace

      Reply ↓


  2. Rick
    September 10, 2013 • 7:23 amIts amazes me how we all try to prove our point as to who is right and who is wrong, God has already proved us wrong, and further He is not interested in any of these accept to follow what He wanted us to do and that is, to spread the good news of salvation..HOW PLAIN IS THAT!!!Reply ↓

  3. Mujahid
    September 23, 2013 • 2:37 pmIt amazes me how all the ancient historians showed that Ka'abah existed as a sanctuary from time immemorial.This fact really justifies the statement of Rev. Charles Augustus that the Ka'abah "was built and used for religious purposes by some of our early patriachs".

    Thus historical evidence proves the Islamic claim on the antiquity of the Ka'abah!

    Reply ↓


    • George jinasa
      October 22, 2013 • 7:11 amI really agree with you. Truth is truth it can never be hidden. It seems to me that some of the Christian historians due to their religious interests they are trying to distort the true history of the holy city of Meca. Thanks to God other Christian impartial and trustworth schoolers, including reverend Charles have been ready to give the exposition of the truth. Even in the absence of historical evidence Meca itself and the holy Kaaba has so many living signs which can convince any impartial person to admit its holynessReply ↓

  4. Ajayb
    November 26, 2013 • 7:23 amwhy ancient historians mentioned the name of mecca as makoraba while the ancient name of mecca is becca? and other contempory historians and 18th century historians by what evidence they admitted this?Reply ↓

  5. John the Seeker (@johnisback12)
    November 5, 2015 • 7:21 pmSorry none of this is evidence as far as I can see. The debate is not really about whether Kaaba existed before Quran came. We know it did already. That doesn't show anything. The point is is whether there is evidence that it was associated with the worship of the God of Bible, and whether Abraham and Ishmael were involved in its building. On all these points, there is absolutely no evidence. In fact, apart from evidence, there is not even any writing before Quran that talks about this. This Rev. Charles Augustus guy is just one random American (who was not even a historian) who wrote about 200 years ago, and no-one knows where he got this opinion from. So it basically counts for nothing. Of course the best place to look would be the Bible, but we know for certain that the BIble doesn't mention anything about Kaaba, or Abraham going to Mecca, or Ishmael building it.Reply ↓

  6. Musa
    May 26, 2016 • 2:15 pmJohn the Seeker makes a valid point. No evidence of Mecca existing during the time of Abraham.His point falls down when he writes: "Of course the best place to look would be the Bible.." because neither is the bible backed up by ANY archeological evidence of ANY Patriarch's existing.

    But this post was about did Mecca exist before 4th Century A.D.. This author proves geographers mentioned "a Temple" in the area prior to 4th Century A.D. So the lies of Christians about it have been addressed.

    Really comes down to, who is to believed. The Semitic people whom have lived in this area from Biblical Times. Or, European, Greco-Roman usurpers of their Prophets and culture?

    Reply ↓

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